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Detecting and Conquering Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is the 3rd most common gynecologic cancer and cause of death among gynecologic cancers in the US.

Cervical cancer is cellular changes to the cervix. The mean age of diagnosis is mid-40s. 

Risk factors include

  • HPV (Human Papillomavirus) infection

  • Tobacco use

  • Early onset of sexual activity 

  • Multiple sexual partners

  • History or STI ( Chlamydia trachomatis, genital herpes)

  • Immune compromise (HIV)

  • STDs

Cervical cancer is usually asymptomatic.

Those who experience symptoms present with

  • bleeding after sex

  • pelvic pain or pain during sexual intercourse

  • vaginal discharge

  • heavy menstrual periods than usual

  • abnormal bleeding from the uterus. 

Cervical cancer is diagnosed by Pap Smear. You can reduce your risk by getting your Pap Smear as recommended and getting vaccinated against HPV infection.

If Pap Smear is abnormal, then a colposcopy and a biopsy is obtained. 

Treatment is dependent on the staging. 

Make sure you are getting your Pap Smear. 


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